Philadelphia

A global medical hub since the 1700s

An Exhibition Presented by Philadelphia International Airport

MILESTONES

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Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, the Nation’s First, 1855
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The Mütter Museum of The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 1858
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German Hospital, Lankenau Medical Center’s Original Hospital, 1860
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Ann Preston, M.D. (1813-1872), First Female Dean, Woman’s Medical College, 1866
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Rebecca J. Cole, M.D. (1846-1922), Second African American Female Doctor in U.S., 1867 Cover of Cole’s doctoral thesis submitted to the Female Medical College of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, in 1867, precursor to Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania and later, renamed the Medical College of Pennsylvania. Photo: Legacy Center Archives, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia (DrexelMed.edu/Archives)
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Identification of the Mosquito as the Carrier of Yellow Fever, 1881 In 1881, Jefferson University’s Carlos Juan Finlay, M.D. (1833-1915), was the first to identify the mosquito that transmitted yellow fever. Nearly 20 years later, his hypothesis was proven accurate which led to the effective eradication of the disease. Photo: Collections of the National Library of Medicine
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Alice Fisher (1839-1888), Founded School of Nursing, Philadelphia General Hospital, 1884
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Joseph M. Leidy, M.D. (1823-1891), Founder Biology Department, University of Pennsylvania, 1885 Leidy, graduate of the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Medicine, was known as the foremost microscopist and founder of American vertebrate paleontology. Over his career, he published more than 800 scientific articles and his anatomy textbook was the standard for decades. Photo: Collections of the National Library of Medicine
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Helen Carnan Jenks, Founder of the Second-oldest Visiting Nurse Home Care Agency in U.S., 1886
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William W. Keen, M.D. (1837-1932) America’s First Brain Surgeon, 1887 Keen, graduate of Jefferson Medical College, was a pioneer of neurosurgery. In 1887, he performed the first successful brain tumor surgery by removing a meningioma. Keen also co-wrote the first American Text-Book of Surgery. Photo: Collections of the National Library of Medicine
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Marie L. Bauer, M.D., Physician at German Hospital, 1890 German Hospital, now Lankenau Medical Center, became one of the first hospitals to employ a female physician. The hospital wrote, “Dr. Marie L. Bauer passed a most rigid examination by our medical staff, and proved herself fully equal to all its requirements.” Photo: Lankenau Medical Center
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The Wistar Institute, the Nation’s First Independent Nonprofit Biomedical Research Institution, 1892

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