Philadelphia

A global medical hub since the 1700s

An Exhibition Presented by Philadelphia International Airport

MILESTONES

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Christopher Marshall (1709-1797), Owner of Philadelphia’s First Pharmacy, 1729 In 1729, Marshall, a druggist and chemist, established a pharmacy in Philadelphia, one of the earliest examples of a chemical manufacturing enterprise that offered hands-on training to pharmacists.
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Philadelphia City Almshouse, 1732 a. Philadelphia Dispensary for the Medical Relief of the Poor, 1786 b. Pennsylvania Hospital, First Hospital in the U.S., 1751
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University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, the Nation’s First, 1765
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The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, 1787
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Benjamin Rush, M.D. (1746-1813), Father of American Psychiatry Rush served at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School for more than 40 years and at Pennsylvania Hospital for 30 years. He published Medical Inquiries and Observations upon the Diseases of the Mind--the first American text on the subject.
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Adam Kuhn, M.D. (1741-1817), Physician and Botanist Kuhn was professor of materia medica and botany at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. He was later named professor of the theory and practice of medicine. Kuhn also served at Pennsylvania Hospital and co-founded the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. Photo: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives Image Collection
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John Morgan, M.D. (1735-1789), Co-founder of the First Medical School in U.S., University of Pennsylvania Medical School, 1765 Morgan co-founded the University of Pennsylvania Medical School, first medical school in the nation, where he was named chair of theory and practice of physic—the first medical professorship in the United States. Photo: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives Image Collection
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Mathew Carey (1760-1839), Largest Medical Publisher in U.S., 1785 Publishing house Carey & Co. was one of the most successful book publishers and in the 1800s, became the largest medical publisher in the nation. Photo: J. Thomson after John Neagle, Historical Society of Pennsylvania portrait collection [V88]
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Lazaretto Quarantine Station, Philadelphia, 1799 Lazaretto was established during the Yellow Fever epidemic of 1793. Situated along the Delaware River, Philadelphia-bound ships—passengers and cargo—were inspected and quarantined if necessary to stop the spread of infectious diseases from entering the City. Photo: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-DIG-ppmsca-40749
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Centre Square Water Works, First Modern Water System in U.S., 1802 Photo: Centre Square Water Works, now the site of Philadelphia’s City Hall, was the first modern water system in the United States built to provide clean drinking water for the betterment and health of its citizenry
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Hagner’s Drug Mill, 1812
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Philip Syng Physick, M.D. (1768-1837), Father of American Surgery Physick was a surgeon at Pennsylvania Hospital, the Philadelphia Dispensary, and Philadelphia City Almshouse. He became the first professor of surgery at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and served as the University’s chair of anatomy. Photo: University of Pennsylvania: University Archives Image Collection

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